Risk Level
Existence of indications of possible problems that could significantly affect the oil sector.The probability of becoming a real threat is low, but there must be continuous monitoring of the situation.

Instability caused by the conflict between Ukraine and Russia.

Fuel Types


In the table below, you can consult the ENSE Reference Price extracted from the Balcão Único da Energia, for the last seven days:
DATA Gasoline Diesel LPG Auto LPG Butane LPG Propane
Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
28/09/2022 1,431€ 1,561€ 0,640€ 1,079€ 2,622€
29/09/2022 1,451€ 1,610€ 0,649€ 1,108€ 2,622€
30/09/2022 1,450€ 1,601€ 0,644€ 1,094€ 2,621€
03/10/2022 1,432€ 1,576€ 0,636€ 1,070€ 2,621€
04/10/2022 1,534€ 1,600€ 0,631€ 1,134€ 2,620€
05/10/2022 1,553€ 1,634€ 0,631€ 1,121€ 2,619€
06/10/2022 1,546€ 1,688€ 0,644€ 1,132€ 2,617€
The prices represented in the chart and in the table refer to €/l prices for Gasoline, Diesel and LPG Auto and prices €/kg for LPG Butane and LPG Propane.

Additional information to be considered


  • The difference between the Public Sale Price obtained from the Balcão Único da Energia and the Reference Price is shown;
  • Following the revocation of the biofuel’s incorporation target for gasoline, operated by Decree-Law no. 69/2016 of 3 November, it was necessary to amend the regulation on the methodology for calculating reference prices in order to adjust the calculation formula to the new legal reality in force. At the same time, and considering that the publication of reference prices has been used by public entities for price fixing, it was also necessary to change the formula for calculating the value of the CIF to consider the percentage of incorporation of biofuels. These amendments came into force with retroactivity on the first business day of May 2017;
  • The average selling prices for the four products are published by the Direção Geral de Energia e Geologia (DGEG), considering the discounts on the retail selling price. From 27th of June, selling prices for the four products are daily extracted from the Balcão Único da Energia of ENSE;
  • The reference prices and the selling prices of LPG Auto public are disseminated daily by ENSE, from 27th June 2016, following a decision by all members of the National Fuel Council.
  • The reference prices are based on the international prices of the refined products, adding costs with biofuels incorporation and other operational costs of the Portuguese market;
  • The reference prices methodology excludes the retail logistics, retail margins and the taxes (VAT) on both these components. Also, in the LPG, the costs with the acquisition and maintenance of the bottles is not included.
  • In 2020, and for the fulfillment of the national obligation, a percentage of incorporation in TE is set at 10% (in paragraph e) of no. 1 of article 11 of Decree-Law no. 117/2010 of 25 October), thus representing, as 10th of January 2020, an increase in the value of incorporating biofuels that composes the reference price published by this entity.


The information above stated do not replace the full read of the reference prices regulation (see regulation and the Decision of the Executive Boarder of ENSE).